Myths President Toni Neubauer headed to Nepal and Vietnam with her daughter and grandkids a few days ago. First hurdle? Jet lag! She writes: "Time, watch time, is really meaningless when you travel by plane. You leave a place at 8:30 AM, and arrive somewhere else that is 4 hours away. Yet, it is not 12:30, but 2:30 PM. Your stomach says, "Hey, babes, it is lunch time," but the clock says, "You lie, stomach. You missed lunch and need to wait for tea time." But, then, when you connect to the next flight, 11/2 hours away, it is not tea time, but 6:30 and dinner time, because it is an hour later. Then, you fly another twelve hours for a total of 17 1/2 hours in the air, but it is not 1:30 AM when you disembark. It is about 1:30 PM where you are, and you missed lunch again! Of course, watch time is man-made, and created by humans. There is another kind of time, more real, a time that includes sunrises, sunsets, stars, and moons - a universal time that is really the only one that makes sense."
We know there's always a price to pay when it comes to jumping a few time zones from continent to continent. But the memories you keep? Priceless.
“When is the best time to go to the Galapagos?” is the first question that most people ask who are thinking of traveling there. Our answer: “Anytime.”
"That’s because no matter when you go, something on the islands is breeding, courting, nesting or giving birth, says Allie Almario, Myths and Mountains' resident Galapagos expert who has visited the islands 13 times in all seasons.
There are basically two peak seasons: mid- December through mid-January when it’s summer in the Galapagos and mid-June to early September when North American and European school students are on vacation.
Every season has its pluses, a few minuses, and a trade-off or two. Before you turn in your “Personal Time Off” request or plan your family trip, check out this season-by-season guide and think about the wildlife you’re most interested in seeing.
May to December
It’s the Garua season when there may be mist in the morning and some clouds, but the atmosphere is dry the rest of the day. Air temperatures range from high 60’s to high 70’s (see chart below). From June through October, the cold Humbolt current flowing up from the tip of South America is strong, cooling the air and water.
Wildlife watch: Thanks to the cool current, there are more nutrients in the water and marine life is quite active. (Divers and snorkelers often prefer this time of year even though wearing a wet suit is a must.) More fish mean more seabirds, too. Now is the time to see the blue-footed boobies do their famous mating dance.
December to May
The good news is that everything warms up as the Humbolt current weakens. Air temperature ranges from low to high 80 degrees F. Seas are calm, and flowers bloom. The sun shines most days, but there are also brief periods of drizzle or showers, especially later in New Year, which is why this time is called the rainy season. But no worries! Most people are wearing wetsuits anyway when snorkeling! Underwater visibility is greatest in March and April when water temperature peaks.
Wildlife watch: Warmer water means less vegetation and fewer fish. On land though, there’s much bustling activity since it’s breeding season for birds, tortoises, and sea lions.
Location, location, location
The water temperature is determined by the three currents that meet in the Galapagos, most noticeably, the Humbolt current, which brings cooler 70-degree waters during the Garua season. (In an El Nina year, water temperature may be about 5 degrees cooler.) And temperatures vary somewhat on different islands. West of Isabela, for instance, the water can be as cold as 60 degrees F.
Here’s a month-by-month temperature chart to help you factor climate into your decision:
The avalanche that killed 13, and possibly 16, Sherpas on Mt. Everest on April 18 was a wakeup call to the entire world of the dangers these intrepid climbers face day after day during Nepal's brief climbing season. It also highlights the economic and political realities of Nepal, questions the responsibility of mountaineering companies, and raises awareness of the lack of compensation porters and their families receive if accidents occur.
Mourning, of course, marks this tragedy, but the loss of life is also a call to action for key groups involved in mountaineering--the government, mountaineering companies, and guides/porters, most of whom are Sherpas. Here's what needs to be done.
The Nepali Government
One can contend that the job of the government with respect to mountaineering is to establish regulations for obtaining permits and thoroughly monitor their compliance. As this tragedy made all too clear, these regulations should require that mountaineering companies meet well-defined standards of responsibility for their Nepali guides and porters.
The government needs to require that a mountaineering company meet certain basic conditions in order to receive climbing permits.
• providing adequate life and accident insurance for its support staff and guides.
• certifying that their employees have taken approved mountaineering courses.
• confirming that the equipment and clothing used on the expedition are adequate and up to date.
• monitoring that the government’s regulations are being followed.
To argue that the government receives huge sums for permits and should use part of this for insurance is questionable. Nepal is a desperately poor country, and the roughly $4 million received from climbing permits is critically needed for development.
One of the responsibilities of any good company is to care for its employees and help them improve their skills. In the field of mountaineering, employee care and development are integral to safe and successful climbs. Unfortunately, some mountaineering companies are negligent employers.
This tragedy makes very clear that with respect to their staff, companies--at the very least--must be required to:
• provide insurance to porters and guides commensurate with the financial loss families experience if the employee is injured or killed.
• see to it that their helpers have quality apparel and gear.
• confirm that all porters and guides who go above Base Camp have completed an accredited mountaineering school course.
Some employers will argue that this will substantially raise costs, but is this bad? Already, reaching the peak of Mt. Everest is the purview of the rich who can afford the $40,000 to $90,000 cost. Most likely, international climbers can afford more. Secondly, if higher prices mean fewer climbers, given the crowds trying to ascend the mountain these days, perhaps a decrease in expeditions will be a plus!
The Sherpa Climbing Community
The aftermath of this tragedy presents an opportunity for Sherpa climbers to organize, crossing divisions within their own communities and among the different ethnic groups involved in mountaineering. (Not all Nepali climbers are Sherpas. Some are Rais, Limbus, or are members of other ethnic groups and are not always treated the same way by the Sherpa society.)
Porters and guides need to form a cohesive whole, or union, with specific goals. Once organized, these climbers will have the power to get the pay, protection, and benefits they deserve. They must take the following steps.
• Organized porters and guides must make demands--such as accident and life insurance--of those who have the most to lose by a walk out. And that's not the government. It's the companies that bring climbers to Nepal.
• Experienced, organized support climbers, working in concert with the expedition leaders, must be given the authority to decide when climbing should be stopped--that is, when weather and other conditions are unsafe, when multiple trips edge toward danger, or when other situations, such as traffic jams of climbers, pose too great a risk.
• The porters and guides and the government must be on the same side and work together, not against, each other. After all, what better incentive could the government have to enforce regulations than the threat of a losing the climbing fees that support development in Nepal.
For too long the Sherpas, unlike other ethnic groups in Nepal, have not been outspoken. Now is the time for them to speak up in one, inclusive voice. After all, if they do pack up and walk away from Mt. Everest, the entire country loses.
Travelers are fond of saying of places they visited long ago, "You should have seen it before all the tourists came." It's a bragging right of sorts in a world where the "discovery" of a place may mean a change for the worse in the future. And the Galapagos Islands--the archipelago of 19 islands some 600 miles off the Ecuadorian coast -- is not immune to change.
"Yes, tourism has changed, and, as Darwin described change in his theory of evolution, it's survival of the fittest," says Myths and Mountains VP Allie Almario, who has made 13 trips to the Galapagos over the past 25 years. "The tour operators know that the most eco-friendly ships who practice sustainable tourism will do the best."
"In some ways travel to the Galapagos Islands is a model for ecotourism," says Matt Kareus, Executive Director of the International Galapagos Tourist Operators Association (IGTOA). Nevertheless, people who see change as either black or white might find themselves in a grey area of contradictions when it comes to the Galapagos. Here is a reality check on some rumors:
Rumor: The Galapagos Islands aren't the same as they once were.
Reality: In twenty years, the number of visitors has quadrupled, from 46,818 in 1993 to 204,395 in 2013. To accommodate the increase in tourists, there are now more ships and planes, more hotels, three airports instead of just one, and a burgeoning, year-round population of about 25,000.
Despite the dramatic growth in tourism, the actual experience of exploring the Galapagos National Park and seeing wildlife is essentially the same. "That's largely because there are strict controls over how many boats can come to a designated landing site each day," says Kareus. On most islands, the number of visitors is limited to small groups, depending on the landing site the number of groups at a landing site at anyone time is carefully controlled. That's why you're unlikely to encounter the swarming hoard of camera-wielding tourists that you might imagine when considering the total numbers of tourists in the Galapagos.
There are more rules today than in the 1960's when there were only 2,000 visitors a year. The long list of do's and don'ts range across all behaviors from not getting within 6 feet of the birds to not buying tortoise shell or sea lion teeth souvenirs. See Galapagos Park Rules for a complete list.
Rumor: The Galapagos Islands are a cash cow for Ecuador and officials are only doing enough conservation to keep tourists coming.
Reality: "Tourism does put a lot of money in the country's coffers," says Kareus, adding, "but that's not necessarily a bad thing. As David Attenborough said, 'Without tourism, the Galapagos would not exist.'" Considering the hundreds of millions of dollars tourism pumps into the economy, the country cannot afford NOT to make a serious effort to preserve it. (Interesting to note that user fees paid by tourists and tour companies have not increased since 1993!)
True, there was some frustration with how the Galapagos National Park was being managed in the past, but its placement on the List of World Heritage Danger sites in 2007 was a wakeup call for greater control to overcome what UNESCO said were threats posed by invasive species, over-fishing, and unbridled tourism. As a result of the "significant progress" made by Ecuador, and the government's continuing conservation efforts, UNESCO took the Galapagos off the danger list in 2010.
And there are other organizations financially supporting conservation and monitoring the impact of tourism. The Charles Darwin Foundation is the most well known for funding scientific research that influences conservation activity. The World Wildlife Fund, WildAid, and the Nature Conservancy are also active in the Galapagos.
Rumor: You can no longer go to the islands you want to visit.
Reality: Thanks to the "Special Regime Law for the Conservation and Sustainable in the Province of the Galapagos" passed in 1998, which is inscribed in the Ecuadorian Constitution, a visitor management system is in place to regulate visitor permits and quotas.
Licensed tours--and all multi-day tours are licensed--may only visit the islands on an itinerary approved by the Directorate of the Galapagos National Park. This is done well in advance, so do not wait until you get to the boat to make a request. If you want to visit a particular site of the 70 terrestrial sites in the park, choose the tour company that has that island on its itinerary and confirm that the boat goes there when you book your trip. It's as simple as that.
Currently, there are 83 vessels in the waters of the Galapagos Islands and since 1978 there has been a set limit on the number of sites they can visit. Currently the Directorate has set a maximum of 60 on the number of sites that can be visited on a two-week tour and 28 sites on a one-week itinerary.
A map and list of terrestrial sites and marine sites for scuba diving, snorkeling, and kayaking is available on the Galapagos National Park website.
Yes, visiting the Galapagos has changed but with continuing conservation efforts by the government, the non-profit organizations, the tour companies, and, most important, aware tourists, the islands will always be a "living museum and showcase of evolution."
We highly recommend you travel with Galapagos experts like Myths and Mountains to help you make the right decisions for your trip. For more information on our Galapagos itinerary, please visit here.
The news from the 2nd Summit of the Mekong River Commission (MRC) held a few days ago in Ho Chi Minh City was disappointing. Although the Mekong leaders from Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, and Laos reaffirmed their commitment to the sustainable use of the Mekong River, they did not condemn what International River's SE Asia Program Director, Ame Trandem, calls "the rush" of dam building along the Mekong. (International Rivers is a Berkeley, California-based organization committed to protecting the world's rivers and the rights of communities that depend on them.)
In a statement released by the group, Trandem wrote, "Words without actions are meaningless; the Lao government must stop its free reign of Mekong mainstream dam building. We expect all construction on the Xayaburi and Don Sahong dams to end immediately and that no further decisions or actions be taken until the Mekong River Commission Council Study, Vietnam's Delta Study, and transboundary impact assessments for each project have been completed and the results have been comprehensively reviewed.”